5. präsident usa

5. präsident usa

Ursache dieses Alpdrucks ist eine Unklarheit in der amerikanischen Bundesverfassung. Sie schweigt sich nämlich darüber aus, wer Präsident der Vereinigten. Alle Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika (einschließlich der 4. James Madison (geb. , † ), – , Republikaner *. 5. Der Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika (englisch amtlich President of the United States of America, 3 Amtszeit; 4 Entlohnung und Privilegien; 5 Amtssitz; 6 Protokollarische Ehren; 7 Transportmittel; 8 Verschiedenes. Wahl; Near the end of his presidency, Johnson rejoined the Democratic Party. He was, and remains, the only U. United States Armed Forces. Archived from the original on September 26, This page was last edited on 4 Novemberat Office vacant Balance of Gerry's term. Veiligheidshalve werd daarom de procedure overgedaan in de kaartenkamer van het Witte Huis. It also established a mechanism by which Beste Spielothek in Glasmoor finden intra-term vacancy in the vice presidency could be filled. President of the United States Tyler's policy priorities as president soon proved to be opposed the zuri white sands goa resort & casino (ex. radisson) most of the Whig agenda, and he was expelled from the party in September James Buchanan — Lived: If both houses cannot agree on a date of adjournment, the president may appoint a date for Congress to adjourn. For further information, see List of people pardoned or granted clemency by the President of the United States. The 5. präsident usa of were the first ones in the United States that were contested on anything resembling a partisan basis. John Quincy Adams — Lived: In seine Amtszeit fiel der Beginn des Gilded Age. Konkret ging es ihm darum, eine Linie von Forts an der Küste als Verteidigungslinie aufzustellen, die nördliche Grenze besser zu sichern und Depots und Werften für die Marine zu errichten, wie er in seiner ersten Rede zur Lage der Nation book of ra free game online 2. Vorschriften zu seiner Wahl und Amtszeit enthalten der Er ist, wenn man die poststrukturalistische Theorie der bürgerlichen Liebe für Tautologien heranziehen will, einfach der, der casino vegas games free slot online Beste Spielothek in Plan-les-Ouates finden - Wahlen hin oder her. Die nationale Partei legt u. Hintergrund der Vorschrift war ursprünglich das Bestreben, Briten vom Präsidentenamt fernzuhalten. Roosevelt — alle seine Nachfolger an diese Vorgabe der nur einmaligen Wiederwahldie jedoch erst Gesetz wurde und seit der Amtszeit von Dwight D. Für viele Präsidenten wurden vor, während oder nach ihrer Amtszeit Spitznamen geprägt, welche in der Presse und im allgemeinen Sprachgebrauch Verwendung fanden. Ab ordnete er die militärische Intervention im Koreakrieg an, in dem die USA dem antikommunistischen Süden zur Hilfe kamen, der vom Norden angegriffen worden war. So war während dieser Kabinettssitzung noch nicht bekannt, dass Jackson nach dem Ausschalten der Piraten auf eigene Faust den spanischen Gouverneur von Westflorida Beste Spielothek in Winkeln finden Besatzung aus dem Fort Barrancas in Pensacola vertrieben hatte, womit er einen Krieg mit Spanien riskierte. Im Ruhestand drückten Monroe erhebliche finanzielle Sorgen, nicht zuletzt, weil Beste Spielothek in Unteriflingen finden seine Ausgaben als Botschafter vom Kongress erst kurz vor seinem Tod erstattet wurden. Dieser Tag hat folgenden Hintergrund: Von dieser Zeit an wurde Monroe bis in die er-Jahre von der Öffentlichkeit als der einzige Politiker nationaler Bedeutung wahrgenommen, der sich für die Interessen der westlichen Grenzgebiete einsetzte.

5. präsident usa -

Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Mit dem Frieden von Gent wurde der status quo ante bellum wiederhergestellt und Westflorida wurde den Vereinigten Staaten zuerkannt. Da der Senat im Unterschied zum Repräsentantenhaus hinter verschlossenen Türen tagte, schenkte ihm die Öffentlichkeit kaum Beachtung und fokussierte sich auf das Unterhaus. Auf dem Caucus der Republikaner am 8. Allerdings hat ein solcher faithless elector untreuer Wahlmann noch nie dazu geführt, dass der andere Kandidat gewählt wurde. Der von Johnson getätigte Ankauf von Alaska war seinerzeit höchst umstritten. Um wählbar zu sein, muss ein Kandidat das passive Wahlrecht besitzen, er darf also weder Strafgefangener sein, noch durch Entmündigung , ein Amtsenthebungsverfahren oder anderweitig sein Wahlrecht verloren haben. Da auf republikanischer Seite Jefferson als Vizepräsident als Oppositionsführer ausfiel und Madison aus der Misere der Föderalisten keinen Vorteil schöpfen wollte, füllte Monroe diese Lücke. Gleichzeitig hat der Beste Spielothek in Ribbeck finden weitere wichtige politische Berater, die dem Kabinett nicht angehören und im Executive Office zusammengefasst sind. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Kennedy in Dallas bei einem Attentat ermordet, das bis heute nicht restlos aufgeklärt ist und um das sich bis in die Gegenwart zahlreiche Verschwörungstheorien ranken. Allerdings haben die Demokraten jetzt die Macht, die parlamentarischen Untersuchungen gegen Trump in der Russland-Affäre zu intensivieren. Sein Enkel Benjamin Harrison war von bis der Hubschrauber rettet Fischer aus Seenot.

5. Präsident Usa Video

5 Erstaunliche Fakten Über Präsident Trumps Fahrzeug! Bei der Entscheidung, wer zum Präsidenten und zum Vizepräsidenten gewählt ist, zählt jedoch nicht, wer bundesweit die meisten Wählerstimmen erhalten hat. Bush wurde mit einem der knappsten Ergebnisse in der Geschichte der Vereinigten Staaten zum Präsidenten gewählt: Der Kongress kann durch ein Amtsenthebungsverfahren Impeachment den Präsidenten seines Amtes entheben. In seine zweite Amtszeit fielen auch die landesweite Einführung der Alkoholprohibition — gegen sein Veto — sowie die Einführung des Frauenwahlrechts — mit seiner Unterstützung. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Monroe, der sich ungerecht behandelt fühlte und aus Geldnot Highland an die Second Bank of the United States verkaufen musste, [] gab sich damit nicht zufrieden und versuchte in den nächsten Jahren, von Washington eine vollständige Bewilligung seiner damaligen Auslagen zu erreichen. In seine Amtszeit fiel das Ende des Gilded Age. Kurz nach Unterzeichnung der Kapitulation von Appomattox und seiner erfolgreichen Wiederwahl im Jahr wurde er von einem fanatischen Sympathisanten der Südstaaten, dem Schauspieler John Wilkes Booth , während einer Theatervorstellung erschossen und war damit der erste Präsident, der während seiner Zeit im Amt ermordet wurde. Sogar seinem konservativen Vizepräsidenten Richard Nixon stand Eisenhower, der bis zum Ende seiner Amtszeit von den Amerikanern geliebt und bewundert wurde, kritisch gegenüber und fügt ihm im Wahlkampf gegen Kennedy durch eine abfällige Bemerkung gegenüber Journalisten erheblichen Schaden zu. Trump ist faktisch zurückgeworfen auf das Instrument der Executive Order. Die südamerikanischen Unabhängigkeitskriege waren das politische Thema, das Monroe und Adams während ihrer Amtszeit am meisten beschäftigte.

Hierover bestaat echter veel onenigheid binnen de juridische gemeenschap en het is historisch ook een twijfelachtig standpunt in de Immigratie- en Naturalisatiewet van de Verenigde Staten van golden kinderen van Amerikanen geboren buiten de VS namelijk wel als "natural-born"; deze definitie is in verwijderd en sindsdien is er geen wettelijke definitie meer.

Letterlijk staat er in de grondwet dat kandidaten geboren na de ratificatie van de grondwet "natural-born"-staatsburgers moeten zijn.

Dat geldt nu uiteraard voor alle kandidaten, maar het stond erbij om het mogelijk te maken voor mensen die bij oprichting van de Verenigde Staten staatsburger werden om president te worden.

Hoewel de president wel uit zijn ambt gezet kan worden wegens mentale of psychische ziekte, is een goede psychische gezondheid geen formele vereiste.

De bestuurlijke ervaring van een presidentskandidaat is over het algemeen minder belangrijk dan de vraag of hij weet over te komen als een krachtige en betrouwbare leider.

Evenwel kan een kandidaat met een strafblad vrijwel zeker verkiezing vergeten en waren de presidenten tot nu toe zo goed als altijd gehuwde, blanke, protestantse mannen.

Alleen James Buchanan , John F. Kennedy en Barack Obama zijn de uitzonderingen als respectievelijk vrijgezel, katholiek en Afro-Amerikaans.

Recente presidentskandidaten die niet aan de ongeschreven regels voldeden, waren in Michael Dukakis van Griekse komaf , in John Kerry Rooms-Katholiek , in Mitt Romney mormoon , en Hillary Clinton die als eerste vrouw in een presidentsverkiezing verloor.

De vicepresidentskandidaat is kandidaat om de eerste te zijn in lijn van opvolging van de president; om deze reden moet hij aan dezelfde eisen voldoen.

Als uitzondering op de ongeschreven regels kan genoemd worden Spiro Agnew , van tot vicepresident onder Richard Nixon en zoon van een Griekse immigrant.

In verloor de Joodse Joe Lieberman de presidentsverkiezingen als running mate van de democraat Al Gore. De grondwet van de Verenigde Staten beschrijft de formele procedure voor de verkiezing van de president, in Artikel II en het 12e amendement.

Deze procedure is als volgt:. In tegenstelling tot wat veel mensen denken, wordt de president van de Verenigde Staten dus niet direct gekozen.

De grondwet schrijft niet voor hoe de kiesmannen aangewezen dienen te worden en bindt hen ook niet aan een bepaalde opdracht om voor een kandidaat te stemmen afhankelijk van enige andere stemming.

Het is dus feitelijk zo dat de president van de Verenigde Staten een enkele uitzondering daargelaten gekozen wordt door een handvol mensen, in aantal gelijk aan de leden van het Amerikaanse Congres.

Het laatste gedeelte van het bovengenoemde systeem ligt geheel vast en wordt na iedere verkiezing zo uitgevoerd als hierboven beschreven. De manier waarop de kiesmannen worden aangewezen, wordt echter per staat bepaald.

En dat maakt dat de presidentsverkiezingen in de Verenigde Staten gepaard gaan met veel spektakel. Zoals eerder opgemerkt, staat het de Staten vrij om zelf te bepalen hoe zij hun kiesmannen aanwijzen.

Hoewel er vanaf verschillende systemen heersten, zijn de staten sindsdien allemaal uitgekomen op een bepaald systeem van algemene verkiezingen, die gehouden worden op Election Day.

Dit systeem zit echter wat ingewikkelder in elkaar dan het in eerste instantie klinkt. Om te beginnen mag iedere burger van iedere staat een stem uitbrengen op een van de kandidaten die in die staat verkiesbaar is als president.

Een aparte stem voor vicepresident is er niet, aangezien president en vicepresident altijd als koppel kandidaat zijn.

De stemmen per staat gaan echter niet naar de kandidaat, maar naar het platform van de kandidaat praktisch gezien komt dit overeen met de politieke partij van de kandidaat.

Na de stemming volgt de uitslag. Het platform dat in een staat de meeste stemmen krijgt, wint. Er geldt een "winner takes all"-systeem, het winnende platform mag alle kiesmannen voor de staat aanwijzen.

De stemmen die in de staat uitgebracht worden op andere platforms, worden dus feitelijk weggegooid. Een uitzondering op deze regel vormen de staten Nebraska en Maine.

In deze twee staten mag het platform dat in totaal de meeste stemmen heeft gekregen in de gehele staat, twee kiesmannen aanwijzen.

Daarna wordt er gekeken naar de uitslag in elk kiesdistrict voor het Huis van Afgevaardigden apart. Het winnende platform in elk van de districten mag een kiesman aanwijzen, zodat in theorie in deze staten meerdere platforms kiesmannen zouden kunnen aanwijzen.

In de praktijk is dit eenmaal gebeurd, bij de verkiezingen van 4 november , toen Barack Obama een van de vijf kiesmannen in Nebraska wist te veroveren, door het tweede kiesdistrict te winnen; de andere vier gingen naar John McCain.

Tijdens de verkiezingen van 2 november was er in de staat Colorado een referendum om met onmiddellijke ingang de kiesmannen te verdelen op basis van evenredige vertegenwoordiging , dit voorstel heeft het echter niet gehaald.

De winnende partij kiest met uiterste zorg kiesmannen die zeker zullen stemmen op de kandidaat van het platform — broodnodig, want van de vijftig staten zijn er maar twee die hun kiesmannen verplichten te stemmen op de kandidaat van de partij wier platform heeft gewonnen.

Al geruime tijd gaan er stemmen op om het kiescollege af te schaffen en de president dus direct te verkiezen.

Daar zou ook een meerderheid van de bevolking voor zijn. Dat vereist echter een grondwetswijziging, en dat is erg lastig.

In ontstond een idee om het bestaande systeem zodanig te gebruiken dat de winnaar ook landelijk de meeste stemmen heeft.

Dat is namelijk niet noodzakelijk het geval, en het is ook viermaal in de geschiedenis gebeurd dat de verliezer landelijk de meeste stemmen had: Het idee is gebaseerd op een tweetal rechten dat een staat heeft:.

Staten kunnen lid worden door het als wet aan te nemen. De compact-wet houdt het volgende in:. Zodra de NPVIC-leden een meerderheid aan kiesmannen controleren garandeert dit inderdaad dat de nieuwe president ook een stembusoverwinning heeft.

Vanwege het "winner takes all"-principe, is het voor een kandidaat van levensbelang om in alle staten vooral die met veel inwoners een grote en goede indruk te maken op zo veel mogelijk mensen.

Dit heeft ertoe geleid dat de aanloop naar de presidentsverkiezingen op Election Day een enorm mediaspektakel is geworden, waarin de verschillende kandidaten elkaar naar het politieke leven staan.

Het begint met de primaries , een proces waarbij iedere partij of platform een kandidaat aanwijst. De kandidaten van een partij voeren in een aantal staten campagne om zo veel mogelijk partijsteun te werven.

Binnen de partijafdelingen van de staten zijn verkiezingen voor kandidaten de primaries. Een aantal grote, belangrijke staten doen dit steevast op een dinsdag in februari of maart: De primaries zijn een methode om te bepalen welke kandidaat binnen zijn partij de meeste steun geniet, welke een goede kandidaat zou zijn als vicepresident ter ondersteuning van de presidentskandidaat.

Door veel primaries te winnen, kan een kandidaat zich ook voor het grote publiek profileren als "natuurlijk winnaar". Supreme Court until United States v.

The Constitution's Ineligibility Clause prevents the president and all other executive officers from simultaneously being a member of Congress.

Therefore, the president cannot directly introduce legislative proposals for consideration in Congress. However, the president can take an indirect role in shaping legislation, especially if the president's political party has a majority in one or both houses of Congress.

For example, the president or other officials of the executive branch may draft legislation and then ask senators or representatives to introduce these drafts into Congress.

The president can further influence the legislative branch through constitutionally or statutorily mandated, periodic reports to Congress.

These reports may be either written or oral, but today the greatest in importance are given as the oral State of the Union addresses, which often outline the president's legislative proposals for the coming year.

Additionally, the president may attempt to have Congress alter proposed legislation by threatening to veto that legislation unless requested changes are made.

In the 20th century, critics charged that too many legislative and budgetary powers that should have belonged to Congress had slid into the hands of presidents.

As the head of the executive branch, presidents control a vast array of agencies that can issue regulations with little oversight from Congress.

One critic charged that presidents could appoint a "virtual army of 'czars' — each wholly unaccountable to Congress yet tasked with spearheading major policy efforts for the White House".

If both houses cannot agree on a date of adjournment, the president may appoint a date for Congress to adjourn. For example, Franklin Delano Roosevelt convened a special session of Congress immediately after the December 7, , Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor and asked for a declaration of war.

As head of state, the president can fulfill traditions established by previous presidents. William Howard Taft started the tradition of throwing out the ceremonial first pitch in at Griffith Stadium , Washington, D.

Every president since Taft, except for Jimmy Carter , threw out at least one ceremonial first ball or pitch for Opening Day, the All-Star Game , or the World Series , usually with much fanfare.

The President of the United States has served as the honorary president of the Boy Scouts of America since the founding of the organization.

Other presidential traditions are associated with American holidays. Hayes began in the first White House egg rolling for local children.

Truman administration, every Thanksgiving the president is presented with a live domestic turkey during the annual National Thanksgiving Turkey Presentation held at the White House.

Since , when the custom of "pardoning" the turkey was formalized by George H. Bush , the turkey has been taken to a farm where it will live out the rest of its natural life.

Presidential traditions also involve the president's role as head of government. Many outgoing presidents since James Buchanan traditionally give advice to their successor during the presidential transition.

During a state visit by a foreign head of state, the president typically hosts a State Arrival Ceremony held on the South Lawn , a custom begun by John F.

The modern presidency holds the president as one of the nation's premier celebrities. Some argue that images of the presidency have a tendency to be manipulated by administration public relations officials as well as by presidents themselves.

One critic described the presidency as "propagandized leadership" which has a "mesmerizing power surrounding the office".

Kennedy was described as carefully framed "in rich detail" which "drew on the power of myth" regarding the incident of PT [66] and wrote that Kennedy understood how to use images to further his presidential ambitions.

The nation's Founding Fathers expected the Congress —which was the first branch of government described in the Constitution —to be the dominant branch of government; they did not expect a strong executive department.

Nelson believes presidents over the past thirty years have worked towards "undivided presidential control of the executive branch and its agencies".

Article II, Section 1, Clause 5 of the Constitution sets three qualifications for holding the presidency. To serve as president, one must:.

A person who meets the above qualifications would, however, still be disqualified from holding the office of president under any of the following conditions:.

The modern presidential campaign begins before the primary elections , which the two major political parties use to clear the field of candidates before their national nominating conventions , where the most successful candidate is made the party's nominee for president.

Typically, the party's presidential candidate chooses a vice presidential nominee, and this choice is rubber-stamped by the convention.

The most common previous profession of U. Nominees participate in nationally televised debates , and while the debates are usually restricted to the Democratic and Republican nominees, third party candidates may be invited, such as Ross Perot in the debates.

Nominees campaign across the country to explain their views, convince voters and solicit contributions. Much of the modern electoral process is concerned with winning swing states through frequent visits and mass media advertising drives.

The president is elected indirectly by the voters of each state and the District of Columbia through the Electoral College, a body of electors formed every four years for the sole purpose of electing the president and vice president to concurrent four-year terms.

As prescribed by the Twelfth Amendment, each state is entitled to a number of electors equal to the size of its total delegation in both houses of Congress.

Additionally, the Twenty-third Amendment provides that the District of Columbia is entitled to the number it would have if it were a state, but in no case more than that of the least populous state.

On the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December, about six weeks after the election, the electors convene in their respective state capitals and in Washington D.

They typically vote for the candidates of the party that nominated them. While there is no constitutional mandate or federal law requiring them to do so, the District of Columbia and 30 states have laws requiring that their electors vote for the candidates to whom they are pledged.

The votes of the electors are opened and counted during a joint session of Congress, held in the first week of January. If a candidate has received an absolute majority of electoral votes for president currently of , that person is declared the winner.

Otherwise, the House of Representatives must meet to elect a president using a contingent election procedure in which representatives, voting by state delegation, with each state casting a single vote, choose between the top electoral vote-getters for president.

For a candidate to win, he or she must receive the votes of an absolute majority of states currently 26 of There have been two contingent presidential elections in the nation's history.

A 73—73 electoral vote tie between Thomas Jefferson and fellow Democratic-Republican Aaron Burr in the election of necessitated the first. Conducted under the original procedure established by Article II, Section 1, Clause 3 of the Constitution, which stipulates that if two or three persons received a majority vote and an equal vote, the House of Representatives would choose one of them for president; the runner up would become Vice President.

Afterward, the system was overhauled through the Twelfth Amendment in time to be used in the election. Under the Twelfth Amendment, the House was required to choose a president from among the top three electoral vote recipients: Held February 9, , this second and most recent contingent election resulted in John Quincy Adams being elected president on the first ballot.

Pursuant to the Twentieth Amendment , the four-year term of office for both the president and vice president begins at noon on January As a result of the date change, the first term —37 of both men had been shortened by 43 days.

Before executing the powers of the office, a president is required to recite the presidential oath of office , found in Article II, Section 1, Clause 8.

This is the only component in the inauguration ceremony mandated by the Constitution:. I do solemnly swear or affirm that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States.

Presidents have traditionally placed one hand upon a Bible while taking the oath, and have added "So help me God" to the end of the oath.

When the first president, George Washington, announced in his Farewell Address that he was not running for a third term, he established a "two-terms then out" precedent.

Precedent became tradition after Thomas Jefferson publicly embraced the principle a decade later during his second term, as did his two immediate successors, James Madison and James Monroe.

Grant sought a non-consecutive third term in , [98] as did Theodore Roosevelt in though it would have been only his second full term.

In , after leading the nation through the Great Depression , Franklin Roosevelt was elected to a third term, breaking the self-imposed precedent.

Four years later, with the U. In response to the unprecedented length of Roosevelt's presidency, the Twenty-second Amendment was adopted in The amendment bars anyone from being elected president more than twice, or once if that person served more than two years 24 months of another president's four-year term.

Truman , president when this term limit came into force, was exempted from its limitations, and briefly sought a second full term—to which he would have otherwise been ineligible for election, as he had been president for more than two years of Roosevelt's fourth term—before he withdrew from the election.

Since the amendment's adoption, five presidents have served two full terms: Bush , and Barack Obama. Both Jimmy Carter and George H.

Bush sought a second term, but were defeated. Richard Nixon was elected to a second term, but resigned before completing it.

Johnson , having held the presidency for one full term in addition to only 14 months of John F. Kennedy 's unexpired term, was eligible for a second full term in , but withdrew from Democratic Primary.

Additionally, Gerald Ford , who served out the last two years and five months of Nixon's second term, sought a full term, but was defeated by Jimmy Carter in the election.

Article II, Section 4 of the Constitution allows for the removal of high federal officials, including the president, from office for " treason , bribery , or other high crimes and misdemeanors.

Two presidents have been impeached by the House of Representatives: Andrew Johnson in , and Bill Clinton in Both were acquitted by the senate: Johnson by one vote, and Clinton by 17 votes.

Additionally, the House Judiciary Committee commenced impeachment proceedings against Richard Nixon in ; however, he resigned from office before the full House voted on the articles of impeachment.

Succession to or vacancies in the office of president may arise under several possible circumstances: Deaths have occurred a number of times, resignation has occurred only once, and removal from office has never occurred.

Under Section 3 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment , the president may transfer the presidential powers and duties to the vice president, who then becomes acting president , by transmitting a statement to the Speaker of the House and the President pro tempore of the Senate stating the reasons for the transfer.

The president resumes the discharge of the presidential powers and duties upon transmitting, to those two officials, a written declaration stating that resumption.

Such a transfer of power has occurred on three occasions: Ronald Reagan to George H. Bush once, on July 13, , and George W.

Bush to Dick Cheney twice, on June 29, , and on July 21, Under Section 4 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment , the vice president, in conjunction with a majority of the Cabinet , may transfer the presidential powers and duties from the president to the vice president by transmitting a written declaration to the Speaker of the House and the president pro tempore of the Senate that the president is incapacitated —unable to discharge their presidential powers and duties.

If this occurs, then the vice president will assume the presidential powers and duties as acting president; however, the president can declare that no such inability exists and resume the discharge of the presidential powers and duties.

If the vice president and Cabinet contest this claim, it is up to Congress, which must meet within two days if not already in session, to decide the merit of the claim.

Section 1 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment states that the vice president becomes president upon the removal from office, death, or resignation of the preceding president.

Speaker of the House, then, if necessary, the President pro tempore of the Senate, and then if necessary, the eligible heads of federal executive departments who form the president's Cabinet.

The Cabinet currently has 15 members, of which the Secretary of State is first in line; the other Cabinet secretaries follow in the order in which their department or the department of which their department is the successor was created.

Those department heads who are constitutionally ineligible to be elected to the presidency are also disqualified from assuming the powers and duties of the presidency through succession.

No statutory successor has yet been called upon to act as president. Throughout most of its history, politics of the United States have been dominated by political parties.

Political parties had not been anticipated when the U. Constitution was drafted in , nor did they exist at the time of the first presidential election in — Organized political parties developed in the U.

Those who supported the Washington administration were referred to as "pro-administration" and would eventually form the Federalist Party , while those in opposition joined the emerging Democratic-Republican Party.

Greatly concerned about the very real capacity of political parties to destroy the fragile unity holding the nation together, Washington remained unaffiliated with any political faction or party throughout his eight-year presidency.

He was, and remains, the only U. The number of presidents per political party at the time of entry into office are: The president's salary is set by Congress, and under Article II, Section 1, Clause 7 of the Constitution, may not be increased or reduced during his or her current term of office.

The White House in Washington, D. The site was selected by George Washington, and the cornerstone was laid in Every president since John Adams in has lived there.

At various times in U. The federal government pays for state dinners and other official functions, but the president pays for personal, family, and guest dry cleaning and food.

Camp David , officially titled Naval Support Facility Thurmont, a mountain-based military camp in Frederick County, Maryland , is the president's country residence.

A place of solitude and tranquility, the site has been used extensively to host foreign dignitaries since the s.

Blair House , located next to the Eisenhower Executive Office Building at the White House Complex and Lafayette Park , serves as the president's official guest house and as a secondary residence for the president if needed.

The primary means of long distance air travel for the president is one of two identical Boeing VC aircraft, which are extensively modified Boeing airliners and are referred to as Air Force One while the president is on board although any U.

Air Force aircraft the president is aboard is designated as "Air Force One" for the duration of the flight.

In-country trips are typically handled with just one of the two planes, while overseas trips are handled with both, one primary and one backup.

The president also has access to smaller Air Force aircraft, most notably the Boeing C , which are used when the president must travel to airports that cannot support a jumbo jet.

Any civilian aircraft the president is aboard is designated Executive One for the flight. For short distance air travel, the president has access to a fleet of U.

Marine Corps helicopters of varying models, designated Marine One when the president is aboard any particular one in the fleet.

Flights are typically handled with as many as five helicopters all flying together and frequently swapping positions as to disguise which helicopter the president is actually aboard to any would-be threats.

For ground travel, the president uses the presidential state car , which is an armored limousine designed to look like a Cadillac sedan, but built on a truck chassis.

The president also has access to two armored motorcoaches , which are primarily used for touring trips. The presidential plane, called Air Force One when the president is inside.

Marine One helicopter, when the president is aboard. Secret Service is charged with protecting the president and the first family.

As part of their protection, presidents, first ladies , their children and other immediate family members, and other prominent persons and locations are assigned Secret Service codenames.

Under the Former Presidents Act , all living former presidents are granted a pension, an office, and a staff. The pension has increased numerous times with Congressional approval.

Prior to , all former presidents, their spouses, and their children until age 16 were protected by the Secret Service until the president's death.

Bush , and all subsequent presidents. Some presidents have had significant careers after leaving office.

Grover Cleveland , whose bid for reelection failed in , was elected president again four years later in Two former presidents served in Congress after leaving the White House: John Quincy Adams was elected to the House of Representatives, serving there for seventeen years, and Andrew Johnson returned to the Senate in John Tyler served in the provisional Congress of the Confederate States during the Civil War and was elected to the Confederate House of Representatives, but died before that body first met.

Presidents may use their predecessors as emissaries to deliver private messages to other nations or as official representatives of the United States to state funerals and other important foreign events.

Bill Clinton has also worked as an informal ambassador, most recently in the negotiations that led to the release of two American journalists , Laura Ling and Euna Lee , from North Korea.

Clinton has also been active politically since his presidential term ended, working with his wife Hillary on her and presidential bids and President Obama on his reelection campaign.

There are currently since January 20, five living former presidents. In order of office they are:. Jimmy Carter age 94 since Bush age 94 since Bill Clinton age 72 since Bush age 72 since Barack Obama age 57 since Every president since Herbert Hoover has created a repository known as a presidential library for preserving and making available his papers, records, and other documents and materials.

Completed libraries are deeded to and maintained by the National Archives and Records Administration NARA ; the initial funding for building and equipping each library must come from private, non-federal sources.

There are also presidential libraries maintained by state governments and private foundations and Universities of Higher Education, such as the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum , which is run by the State of Illinois , the George W.

A number of presidents have lived for many years after leaving office, and several of them have personally overseen the building and opening of their own presidential libraries.

Some have even made arrangements for their own burial at the site. Several presidential libraries contain the graves of the president they document, including the Dwight D.

These gravesites are open to the general public. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the political talk radio channel, see P.

For other uses, see President of the United States disambiguation. For a list, see List of Presidents of the United States. Executive branch of the U.

Government Executive Office of the President. President [1] [2] The Honorable [3]. Head of State Head of Government.

Constitution of the United States Law Taxation. Presidential elections Midterm elections Off-year elections. Democratic Republican Third parties.

Powers of the President of the United States. Suffice it to say that the President is made the sole repository of the executive powers of the United States, and the powers entrusted to him as well as the duties imposed upon him are awesome indeed.

For further information, see List of people pardoned or granted clemency by the President of the United States. Four ruffles and flourishes and 'Hail to the Chief' long version.

Imperial Presidency and Imperiled Presidency. United States presidential primary , United States presidential nominating convention , United States presidential election debates , and United States presidential election.

Electoral College United States. United States presidential inauguration. Impeachment in the United States.

List of residences of Presidents of the United States. Transportation of the President of the United States. This " see also " section may contain an excessive number of suggestions.

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Government of the United States portal. Phillips for the rapid transmission of press reports by telegraph.

Truman ; Lyndon B. Johnson ; and Gerald Ford Tyler's policy priorities as president soon proved to be opposed to most of the Whig agenda, and he was expelled from the party in September Later, while president, Johnson tried and failed to build a party of loyalists under the National Union banner.

Near the end of his presidency, Johnson rejoined the Democratic Party. The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 26, Retrieved November 15, Retrieved September 4, The People Debate the Constitution, — New York, New York: A forgotten huge day in American history".

Retrieved July 29, Retrieved January 22, The History of Power". Proceedings of the American Political Science Association.

Origins and Development 5th ed. Its Origins and Development. The Making of the American Constitution. Commander in Chief Clause".

National Constitution Center Educational Resources some internal navigation required. Retrieved May 23, The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation.

McPherson, Tried by War: United States Department of Defense. Archived from the original on May 13, Retrieved February 25, About the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

The Federalist 69 reposting. Retrieved June 15, Archived from the original PDF on November 26, Retrieved December 15, No clear mechanism or requirement exists today for the president and Congress to consult.

The War Powers Resolution of contains only vague consultation requirements. Instead, it relies on reporting requirements that, if triggered, begin the clock running for Congress to approve the particular armed conflict.

By the terms of the Resolution, however, Congress need not act to disapprove the conflict; the cessation of all hostilities is required in 60 to 90 days merely if Congress fails to act.

Many have criticized this aspect of the Resolution as unwise and unconstitutional, and no president in the past 35 years has filed a report "pursuant" to these triggering provisions.

The President's War Powers". Retrieved September 28, Retrieved November 8, Presidents have sent forces abroad more than times; Congress has declared war only five times: President Reagan told Congress of the invasion of Grenada two hours after he had ordered the landing.

He told Congressional leaders of the bombing of Libya while the aircraft were on their way. It was not clear whether the White House consulted with Congressional leaders about the military action, or notified them in advance.

Foley, the Speaker of the House, said on Tuesday night that he had not been alerted by the Administration.

Retrieved August 7, Retrieved February 5, Noel Canning , U. United States , U.

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